Drought is a climate extreme that is usually driven by a lack of precipitation and high atmospheric water demand. Depending on the duration, effects and intensity, drought can be classified into four types: meteorological, agricultural, hydrological and socio-economic. The first three types deal with the physical phenomenon, while the last is associated with the socio-economic effects of drought.
Droughts can have substantial impacts on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region. Due to climate change, an increase in the frequency and intensity of droughts and heat waves is expected in some regions. Therefore, CLIMERS is investigating this complex phenomenon by researching how to use novel Earth Observation data for improving monitoring, modelling and forecasting of droughts and their impacts.