The important role of soil moisture for the environment and climate system is well known. Soil moisture influences hydrological and agricultural processes, runoff generation, drought development and many other processes. It also impacts on the climate system through atmospheric feedbacks. Soil moisture is a source of water for evapotranspiration over the continents, and is involved in both the water and the energy cycles. Soil moisture was recognised as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) in 2010 and is fundamental for improving our understanding of long-term dynamics in the coupled water, energy, and carbon cycles over land.
A range of long-term satellite-based soil moisture datasets are produced by CLIMERS, who are also dedicated to continuously developing these freely-available products and periodically delivering temporal extensions. The team presently works on the following projects focused on soil moisture